Caracara is a genus of the birds of prey in the family Falconidae found throughout a large part of the Americas. The modern species in the genus Caracara were previously considered conspecific (as “Crested Caracara” – a name still widely used for the Northern Caracara) and/or for long placed in the genus Polyborus. Unlike other members of the falcon family that do not construct nests, the caracara builds a stick nest. The caracara is the most terrestrial bird in the falcon group because it spends a great deal of time on the ground.
- Weight: 800 – 1580 grams (1.75 – 3.5pounds)
- Height: 49–58 cm (19 – 24 inches)
- Wing span: 117 – 132cm (46-52 inches)
- Life span: 60 – 80 years
- Diet: carrion, small mammals, amphibians, reptiles, turtles, fish, crab, eggs, insects, worms, and nestling birds.
- No. off eggs: 2 – 3 eggs
- Incubation: 28 – 32 days